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also在句子中起到强调和补充的作用

2024-06-10 发布于 江阴便民网
also在句子中起到强调和补充的作用
一、基本用法
“also”通常用于肯定句,放在句中或句末,表示“而且”“此外”“同样地”等意思。例如:
* He speaks English, and he also speaks French.(他讲英语,而且也讲法语。)
* She likes reading books, and she also enjoys watching movies.(她喜欢读书,而且也喜欢看电影。)

二、强调作用
1. 强调相同性:当我们要强调两个或多个事实或情况具有相同的性质或特点时,可以使用“also”。例如:
* She is intelligent, and she is also very hardworking.(她很聪明,而且也非常勤奋。)
在这里,“also”强调了“她很勤奋”这一事实与“她很聪明”具有相同的重要性。
2. 强调补充信息:当我们要在原有信息的基础上补充新的、相关的事实或情况时,可以使用“also”。例如:
* In addition to speaking English, he also understands Spanish.(除了会说英语之外,他还会说西班牙语。)
这里,“also”强调了除了已知的英语能力之外,他还有其他的语言能力。
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三、与其他词汇的比较
1. 与“too”的比较:“too”也可以表示“也”,但它通常用于句末,且带有一定的口语化和非正式色彩。而“also”则更常用于句中或句首,更加正式和书面化。例如:
* I like coffee, and he likes coffee too.(我喜欢咖啡,他也喜欢咖啡。)
* I also like coffee.(我也喜欢咖啡。)
2. 与“as well”的比较:“as well”同样可以表示“也”,但它通常只用于句末,且不能与否定词连用。而“also”则没有这些限制。例如:
* She speaks French as well.(她也会说法语。)
* She doesn't speak Spanish, and she doesn't speak Italian as well.(*错误的用法)
* She doesn't speak Spanish, and she also doesn't speak Italian.(她不会说西班牙语,也不会说意大利语。)

四、注意事项
在使用“also”时,需要注意其与句子其他部分的逻辑关系和语法结构,确保句子表达清晰、准确。同时,还要根据语境选择合适的词汇和表达方式,避免重复使用或与其他词汇混淆。

一、单项选择题
1. He is a good pianist, and he _______ plays the guitar well.
A. also    B. too    C. as well    D. either

2. She enjoys reading books, and _______ likes listening to music.
A. also she    B. she too    C. she also    D. also she

3. I like to travel, and my sister _______ likes to explore new places.
A. also    B. as well    C. too    D. either

4. Not only does he speak English fluently, but he _______ speaks Spanish.
A. also    B. too    C. as well    D. either

5. They are good at math, and they _______ excel in science.
A. also    B. too    C. as well    D. either

二、填空题
1. She is a talented singer, and she _______ dances beautifully.
2. He studies hard, and he _______ participates actively in extracurricular activities.
3. I like to watch movies, and I _______ enjoy attending concerts.
4. Not only is she intelligent, but she _______ possesses a great sense of humor.
5. They enjoy hiking in the mountains, and they _______ love to camp under the stars.

三、改错题
1. He is a good swimmer, too he is a great runner. (改正)
2. She likes to cook, also she is good at baking. (改正)
3. I like to read books, too I enjoy listening to audiobooks. (改正)
4. They speak French fluently, as well they understand Italian. (改正)
5. She is not only a good writer, but either she is a great editor. (改正)

四、翻译题
1. 他不仅会说英语,还会说法语。(翻译)
2. 她也喜欢看电影,尤其是喜剧片。(翻译)
3. 他不仅擅长数学,还擅长物理和化学。(翻译)
4. 除了唱歌之外,她也喜欢跳舞和演戏。(翻译)
5. 我不仅喜欢阅读,也喜欢写作和编辑。(翻译)
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